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Glossary of Terms

Definitions of key words specific to the Landscape Asset section of the Plan

 

Adaptive capacity – refers to the ability of the community to change

Artificial waters – waters with location or other characteristics dominated by anthropogenic activities or structures. Artificial waters can be wetlands such as farm dams or weirs but artificial waters may not be wetlands such as in water tanks or swimming pools.

Asset – describes the physical item, resource or system that provides a beneficial function and thus warrants management. See also Environmental Asset.

Aquitards – a geological formation that prevents significant flow of water (clay layers or light deposits of shale; geological material of lower permeability) between aquifers or to wells (QWC 2012)

Aquifera geologic unit that can store and transmit water at rates fast enough to supply reasonable amounts to wells (Felter 2001)

Community – those that have an interest and secondary influence over land management including:  industry sectors (primary, secondary, tertiary), governments (local, state, federal), general public and land managers broadly

Community capacity – measure of the skills, competencies and ability of the community to achieve goals

Connectivity between systems – degree to which systems interact (and for water systems degree to which water is connected and exchanged between systems).

Cumulative impact – measure of the total impact of activities on a defined resource

Ecosystem services – Actions or attributes of the environment of benefit to humans, including regulation of the atmosphere, maintenance of soil fertility, food production, regulation of water flows, filtration of water, pest control and waste disposal. It also includes social and cultural services, such as the opportunity for people to experience nature (2011 Australian State of the Environment Committee 2011).

Environmental Asset – Any biophysical feature in nature that can be measured in time and space. Parts or features of the natural environment that provide environmental functions or services (2011 Australian State of the Environment Committee 2011). See also Asset.

Environmental Values – Environmental values of waters to be enhanced or protected include biological integrity the suitability of the water for producing the foods for human consumption, aqua cultural use, agricultural purposes aesthetic/recreational proposes, drinking, industrial use and the cultural and spiritual values of the water  (QDNRM 2009).

Geomorphic Landscapes – a descriptive used to describe landscapes in terms of dominant soils, dominant vegetation, native grasses, conservation and biodiversity issues, geology, soil properties and constraints, management considerations, priority and threatening weeds and feral animals.

Great Artesian Basin (GAB) – one of the largest underground water reservoirs in the world. It underlies approximately one-fifth of Australia (1.7 million square kilometres) beneath the arid and semi-arid parts of Queensland. Significant areas of interaction between watertables and stream take many forms, including discharge from uncontrolled bores and direct discharge into the river systems via artesian springs or to the alluvial aquifers (Herczeg 2008).

Groundwater – water that is present in the pores and cracks of the saturated or capillary zone and water that has been present in caves (QDEHP 2005)  .

Groundwater dependent ecosystem (GDE) – ecosystems which require access to groundwater on a permanent or intermittent basis to meet all or some of their water requirements so as to maintain their communities of plants and animals, ecological processes and ecosystem services (QDEHP 2005).

Groundwater flow system (GFS) – the pattern of groundwater flow within a catchment (QDEHP 2005).

Infrastructure –  structures built by humans

Land managers – those that have direct control over land management described as a) Primary land managers who are land owners (private, public, corporate) and leasees and leasors; and b) Secondary land managers who have direct influence on decision making (for example financial institutions, agronomists)

Landscape – refers to the interrelationships between land forms, soil regolith, atmosphere, floodplain

Land form – land management manual

Infrastructure – includes structures built by humans

Land capability – measure of the severity and extent of limitations impacting on land use selection

Land suitability – measure of the constraints affecting selection of particular crops or pastures

Land managers – those that have direct control over land management described as a) Primary land managers who are land owners (private, public, corporate) and leasees and leasors; and b) Secondary land managers who have direct influence on decision making (for example financial institutions, agronomists).

Landscape – comprises the visible features of an area of land, including the physical elements of landforms such as mountains, hills, water bodies such as rivers, lakes, and ponds. Living elements of land cover including indigenous vegetation, human elements including different forms of land use, buildings and structures, and transitory elements such as lighting and weather conditions. (Wikipedia)

Living labs – are a research concept, involving user communities to integrate current research and innovation processes in real life use cases

Plan area – Maranoa-Balonne (including Lower Condamine), Border Rivers (Moonie, Weir River, and Queensland parts of the Macintyre/Barwon) catchments, see Figure on pg 8.

Production system – refers to the process of transforming and value adding raw material into a product.

Refugia – areas that promote species persistence and ecosystem in the face of global climate change.

Riverine system – Riverine wetlands are those systems that are contained within a channel (e.g. river, creek or waterway) and their associated streamside vegetation (QDEHP 2005).

Stratigraphy – the arrangement of geological layers in a study area or in a particular bore.

Vulnerability – The IPCC described vulnerability as: the degree to which a system is susceptible to, or unable to cope with, adverse effect… Vulnerability is a function of the character, magnitude and rate of …variation to which a system is exposed, its sensitivity, and its adaptive capacity (Schröter and ATEM Consortium 2004).

Total grazing pressure – the consumption of groundcover (pastures, shrubs, trees) by native and introduced species

Vulnerability – the degree to which a community or system is capable of adapting to a risk – High risk and low adaptive capacity infers high vulnerability.

Wetland – Water bodies and vegetation communities associated with areas of permanent or periodic inundation. Wetlands thereby include water and fringing vegetation from rivers, creeks, swamps, lakes, marshes, waterholes, billabongs and springs. Note: wetlands do not include floodplains which, although intermittently covered by flowing water, do not exhibit anaerobic upper soils or plants dependant on wet conditions for at least part of their life cycle (QDEHP 2014). Find detailed classifications at Wetlandinfo http://wetlandinfo.ehp.qld.gov.au/wetlands/.

Water use efficiency WUE – level of achievement of purpose with a volume of water

 

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